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Chronology

2400 BC - The Book of Genesis identifies the land of Ararat as the resting place of Noah's Ark after the "great deluge" described there. The Indo-Europeans were people who presumably spread from the Caucasus, settling on lands along the way. Armenian is one of the Indo-European language branches.

2300 BC - Hayk creates the Armenian nation in the Ararat region.

2000 BC - Trialeti culture

1700 BC - AramArmenian patriarch in the History of Armenia (Moses of Chorene)

1450 BC - Artatama I (Thutmose III of Egypt, mentions the people of Ermenen in 1446 BC)

1400 BC - Artashumara

1384 BC - Artatama II

1200 BC - Armenian Nairi tribes 

883 BC - Foundation of the Kingdom of Urartu with Aramé

834 BC - Reign of Sarduri I who constructs Tushpa (Van). (to 828 BC)

810 BC - Reign of Menuas who conquers the Araratian fields. (to 785 BC)

785 BC -  Reign of Argishtis I who creates the first Armenian Empire. (to 763 BC)

782 BC - Construction of the fortress of Erebuni (modern Yerevan)

585 BC - Conquest of Urartu by the Medes.

512 BC - Armenia is annexed to Persia by Darius I. Urartu is officially called Armenia for the first time in the Behistun inscription

401 BC - The Armenian Orontid Kingdom is founded by King Yervand I within the Achaemenid Empire

331 BC - Alexander the Great attacks Persia and defeats Darius III, but never conquers Armenia. As a result, Armenia regains its independence from Persia

190 BC - Artaxias I reclaims Armenian sovereignty from the Seleucids by establishing the Artaxiad Dynasty with Artaxata as the capital

95 BC - Accession of power by Tigranes the Great

93 BC - Invasion of Cappadocia

88 BC - Conquest of AtropateneGordyene, and Osrhoene

83 BC - Conquest of SyriaPhoenicia, and Cilicia

69 BC - Tigranes' army is defeated at the Battle of Tigranocerta against Lucullus' Roman army

68 BC - Lucullus is beaten off from Artaxata

67 BC - Lucullus is recalled to Rome

66 BC - Pompey invades Armenia, but returns to Roman land after being offered a generous sum of money by Tigranes

55 BC - Death of Tigranes the Great. Artavasdes II continues to rule Armenia. Reign of Artavasdes. (to 34 BC)

1 - End of the Artaxiad Dynasty in Armenia. Arsacid dynasty of Parthia (Iran) incorporates Armenia

53 - Tiridates I reaffirms Armenian independence by founding the Arsacid dynasty of Armenia

58 - Roman general Corbulo invades Armenia with the assistance of the Iberians and Commagenians

66 - Tiridates is crowned in Rome by Nero, after he and Corbulo came to an agreement

72 - War against the Alans

228 - Tiridates II repels Sassanid invasion

287 - Beginning of the reign of Tiridates III

301 - Armenia becomes the first official Christian state in the world, King Tiridates III proclaims Christianity as the official state religion of ArmeniaZoroastrianismstarts to decline gradually

330 - End of Tiridates III's reign

387 - Division of Armenia into Western and Eastern parts per the Peace of Acisilene between the Sassanid Persians and Byzantines

392 - Armenia regains its might by the coronation of King Vramshapuh in 392

406 - Mesrop Mashtots invents the Armenian alphabet

428 - End of the Arsacid dynasty of ArmeniaMarzpanate Armenia era as part of the Sassanid empire begins

451 - The Battle of Avarayr, led by Vartan Mamikonian, secures the Christian religion in Armenia

639 - The first Arab invasion under the leadership of Abd ar-Rahman ibn Rabiah devastates the region of Taron

642 - Arabs storm the city of Dvin killing 12,000 its inhabitants and taking 35,000 into slavery

645 - Theodorus Rshtuni and other Armenian nakharars accepted Muslim rule over Armenia

650 - Armenia becomes the main battleground of the Khazar–Arab Wars & Byzantine–Arab Wars which leaves the lands depopulated. (to 750)

861 - Ashot I Bagratuni is recognized as prince of princes by the Baghdad court, followed by a war against local Muslim emirs. (to 862)

885 - Ashot wins and is thus recognized King of the Armenians by Baghdad in 885

886 - Formal recognition of Armenian sovereignty by Constantinople

891 - King Ashot I dies and is succeeded by his son Smbat I, in 892

961 - King Ashot III (953-977) transfers the capital from Kars to Ani, which came to be considered the "City of a 1001 Churches" which rivaled other metropolises likeBaghdad and Constantinople

1016 - Seljuk Turks first appear in the region

1045 - Armenia falls to Byzantine troops, and an exodus from the Armenian lands begins

1064 - Byzantine Ani, once the capital of Bagratid Armenia, is conquered and destroyed by the Seljuk Turks

1071 - After the Battle of ManzikertSeljuk dominance is established over Anatolia and a large number of Turkish tribes migrate to the region

1072 - The Seljuks sell Ani to the Shaddadid, a Kurdish tribe ruling a territory coinciding with modern-day Armenia

1078 - Establishment of the Armenian Principality of Cilicia, led by the Rubenid Dynasty

1095 - The First Crusade is launched by Pope Urban I

1187 - Debut of Leon II's reign as prince

1194 - After the decline of the Seljuk dominance in the region, Eastern Anatolia is ruled by a slew of Turkish emirates and tribes, such as the Ahlatshahs,MengujekidsSaltukids and the Artuqids. (to 1241)

1198 -  Leon II "the Magnificent" managed to secure his crown, becoming the first King of Armenian Cilicia

1219 - Death of Leon II

1241 - Mongol Invasion of Anatolia, much of the sedentary population of Armenia is slaughtered. (to 1244)

1256 - Turco-Mongol rule continues in Eastern Anatolia under the Ilkhanate rulers and their Turkish and Kurdish vassals. (to 1335)

1335 - The decline of Mongol power leads Armenia to be dominated once again by Anatolian Turkoman tribes such as the Chobanids. (to 1400)

1375 - Fall of the Armenian kingdom of Cilicia to the Mameluks of Egypt and their Ramadanid vassals

1400 - Tamerlane's devastating invasion of GeorgiaArmenia and Central Anatolia leads to the slaughter of large portions of the population of Armenia and the enslavement of over 60,000 people from Anatolia and the Caucasus

1405 -  After Tamerlane's death, Anatolia becomes a battleground between the rival tribal confederations of the Ak Koyunlu and the Kara Koyunlu

1461 - Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople established by then the Ottoman Emperor, Mehmed II

1478 - Armenian migration to Bruges, Belgium

1502  - The fanatical Shi'ite Safavid Dynasty is established in Persia, that conquers Armenia

1512 - Printing of first Armenian books

1514 - The ferocious Ottoman Safavid wars rage in the Armenian Highlands for the first time, the Ottomans temporarily gain Western Armenia

1519  - Decree of King Sigismund I that Armenians in Poland by governed under code of laws by Mkhitar Gosh

1520 - Large portions of Armenia are conquered by Selim I

1532 - The second series of Ottoman-Persian wars rage in Armenia (to 1555). Armenia is split in two between the two powers per the Peace of Amasya

1603 - Shah Abbas of Persia invades Ottoman Armenia (to 1618) and reestablishes full control over Eastern Armenia and large parts of Western Armenia as part of his empire

1605 - When forced to abandon the siege of KarsShah Abbas orders the complete destruction of many Armenian towns and villages and deports over 300,000Armenians to Persia, of which only half survive.

To cement his control in the region he establishes the Khanate of Erevan and the Khanate of Nakhichevan as vassal states

1623 - The final Ottoman-Safavid War rages in Armenia. (to 1639)

1648 - Major earthquake in Van

1712 - Sayat Nova, renowned Armenian poet troubadour. (to 1795)

1722 - David Bek leads the national liberation movement in 1722, but passes away in 1728

1747  - The Persians establish the Karabakh Khanate

1759 - Arrival of Hovsep Emin in Armenia

1778 - Establishment of Nor Nakhichevan

1809 - Khachatur Abovian, novelist poet, playwright (to 1848)

1810  - Zeitountsi revolts (to 1818)

1811  - Mkhitarist order of Vienna founded

1813 - Treaty of Gulistan. All of Eastern Armenia remains under Persian rule, except for the Armenians in Karabakh, which had already de facto become part of the Russian Empire

1824 - Founding of Nersessian Academy in Tiflis

1826  - Nickolas Balian, architect in Constantinople (to 1858)

1827 - Occupation of Yerevan by Russian forces

1828 - Treaty of Turkmanchay. Eastern Armenia is forcefully ceded by Persia to Russia per the Russo-Persian War (1826-1828), strengthening Russian control of Transcaucasus

1836 - The Russian government enacts the Polozhenie, a statute greatly restricting the power of the Armenian Church

1894-1896 - Hamidian Massacres: An estimated 80,000–300,000 are killed

1909 - Adana Massacre: An estimated 15,000–30,000 are killed

1915 - Armenian Genocide: An estimated 1,500,000 are killed. (to 1923)

1918, 3 March - The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk gives Kars, Ardahan and Batum regions to the Ottoman Empire

1918, 22 May - Battle of Sardarapat

1918,  28 MayThe Armenian Congress of Eastern Armenians declares the Democratic Republic of Armenia

1918, 30 October -  Armistice of Mudros, the Ottoman Empire agreeing to leave the Transcaucasus. The Democratic Republic of Armenia assumes control of Western Armenia, now that the Ottomans are forced to leave

1965, 24 April -  1965 Yerevan demonstrations

1991 - Armenian independence referendum

1992, 9 May - Capture of Shusha

1999, 27 October - Armenian parliament shooting

2016, April - Nagorno-Karabakh clashes