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Ararat

Ararat (in Armenian Արարատ and arm Մասիս (Masis) is a mountain: the highest volcanic massif of the Armenian plateau to the east of Turkey; refers to the stratovolcanoes. Located in the Turkish district Iğdır on the right bank of the middle stream of the Araks River, 16 kilometers from the Iranian border, in 32 kilometers from the border with Armenia. The top of the Great Ararat (5165 meters above sea level) is the highest point in Turkey.

The whole Christian world knows Mount Ararat from the Old Testament Book of Genesis. According to the biblical legend, after the Flood the just man Noah moored on his ark to that place. Even in the Middle Ages numerous expeditions were organized to search for the artifact, but one cannot brag of that finding yet.

Ararat can be considered the most famous symbol of Armenia.

The famous marine painter Ivan Aivazovsky wrote Mount Ararat at least ten times. At the exhibition in Paris, he answered the question of the presence of Armenian landscapes in his works: "Here is our Armenia" and pointed the picture "Descent of Noah from Ararat."

For the first time the mountain occurred on the coat of arms of Armenia after the proclamation of the independent Democratic Republic of Armenia in 1918, which was also called "Ararat republic" . Ararat featured the emblem of the Transcaucasian Federation, the coat of arms of the Armenian SSR, is depicted on the modern coat of arms of the Republic of Armenia, as a supplement of the image of Noah's ark.

The Ararat land has been transferred from the Armenian SSR (formed November 29, 1920) to Turkey under the Moscow and Kars Agreements of 1921. According to the legend, in response to the protest of the Turkish government against the fact, that Ararat is depicted on the coat of arms of the Armenian SSR, which is not a part of Armenia, People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs Chicherin said: "The flag of Turkey has  a crescent moon, but the moon is not a part of Turkey."